Weaning for Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD)
Your dietitian will be there to guide you through this transition, step by step. Try to enjoy the process, and give your little one a positive feeding experience which will set them up for the road ahead.
Babies with MSUD should start to wean at the same age as any other baby. This is usually around 6 months of age, and no earlier than 17 weeks. Speak to your dietitian about choosing the right time.
Once you and your baby are ready to start weaning, the first solids your dietitian will recommend are foods very low in Leu / protein. The Leu / protein in the diet will continue to be provided by breastmilk or infant formula; meaning that you and your baby will be able to learn to feed and make a mess without worrying about how much ends up on little faces and the floor! The volume of protein substitute should remain the same during this initial period.
Your dietitian will give you a list of low Leu fruits and vegetables to use; you will find that many of these are the same as first weaning foods in a normal diet e.g. carrots, apple, pear, banana and sweet potato. You will also be taught how to read food labels so that you can choose appropriate low protein baby foods from the supermarket. You may be given some manufactured low protein foods to use.
Top tips for getting started
- Choose a nice, quiet time to offer solids so that you and your baby are relaxed. Your baby must be supervised at all times when eating
- Use a high chair or booster seat which can clip onto an ordinary chair to lift your baby up within reach of the table. Use a plastic weaning spoon to feed with and give another spoon for your baby to hold
- Start by giving a very small amount (1-2 teaspoons) of low protein solids once per day after a breast or formula feed, and build up at your baby’s pace
- Don’t force your baby to eat, wait until next time if they do not seem interested. If your baby sticks his or her tongue out when the food approaches instead of opening their mouth, they might not be quite ready
- Try to include a wide variety of low protein weaning foods early in the process
- Cool hot food, stir well and check the temperature before giving to your baby
- Don’t be afraid to get messy! Babies learn about food by touching, smelling and tasting
Making your own low protein purées at home
Why not try to making your own purées at home? Homemade purées are cheap and easy to make. Fruits and vegetables can be cooked in a small amount of water until soft and then puréed using a hand blender or food processor. Set aside a day to prepare a few batches, then freeze in ice cube trays. Once frozen pop into freezer bags, making sure that you label the bag with the type of food and the date it was made. The frozen cubes give you easy to serve portions for meal times.
- Never add salt or sugar to homemade purées – your baby’s tastes are different to yours!
- Many low protein weaning foods are low in calories; try adding a little butter or vegetable oil to homemade purées and speak to your dietitian about using low protein manufactured foods to increase the energy of your homemade solids
Moving through the stages
Once your baby is taking low protein solids well, your dietitian will advise you on gradually introducing Leu / protein containing foods into the diet. These are known as ‘exchanges’, as the Leu / protein your baby was getting from breastmilk or infant formula is gradually exchanged for Leu / protein from solids.
1 exchange = 50mg Leu = ½ g protein
Your dietitian will give you a list of food weights or measures which correspond with 1 exchange. They will also teach you how to read food labels, so that you can weigh out your own exchanges for your baby.
As you progress with weaning, you will be able to gradually introduce more textures into your baby’s diet. Starting with thicker purées, and working up to lumpier, mashed and then chopped food.
Low protein finger foods
It is a good idea to encourage soft, low protein finger foods alongside puréed foods from around 7 months of age, or when your baby is ready. Ideas include fingers of low protein toast, parboiled carrots, soft fruits (such as strawberries, peach, banana) or homemade sweet potato chips. Don’t worry if most of this ends on squished between fingers or on the floor to begin with – it is all part of the learning process!
A little down the track, when your baby has learnt to eat low protein finger foods reliably, you can start to introduce exchanges as finger foods. Speak to your dietitian for more information.
Second stage protein substitute
Around the time of weaning, your dietitian will introduce a more concentrated protein substitute alongside the Leu, Iso and Val-free infant formula; this is known as a ‘second stage protein substitute’. It is needed because as your baby eats more solids, their intake of Leu, Iso and Val-free formula naturally decreases. At the same time protein requirements are increasing with growth.
The second stage protein substitute is often in the form of a paste, and is given with a spoon prior to solids. Alternatively, the Leu, Iso and Val-free infant formula may be made more concentrated with the addition of another product. Your dietitian will give you a plan on how to introduce and gradually increase these.
For more information on products that Nutricia Metabolics provide, check out the products section of the website.
What should I do if my baby doesn’t eat?
This is perfectly normal. All babies have ‘off days’ just like us. Don’t make a fuss or try to force-feed your baby. Just clear the food away and try again at the next mealtime. When food is taken offer lots of praise and encouragement. Try to make meal times fun, offer a variety of foods suggested by your dietitian and ensure portions are small and manageable. If you have any concerns about your child’s eating, speak to your dietitian for guidance.
Where can I find more information?
Your dietitian will give you all of the information you need for successful weaning.
Please Note: The dietary treatment for MSUD varies for each person so all information presented here is for guidance only. Your own dietitian and/or doctor will advise you on all aspects relating to management of MSUD for you and your family.